Skip Navigation

Administration on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AIDD)

The Protection and Advocacy TBI Grant Program

Individuals with TBI are often faced with improper diagnosis, inability to access support or rehabilitation services, institutional segregation, unemployment, and being forced to navigate complicated and cumbersome service and support systems.

The goals of the Federal Traumatic Brain Injury Program focus on helping state and local agencies develop resources so that all individuals with TBI and their families will have accessible, available, acceptable, and appropriate services and supports.

The Protection and Advocacy TBI Grant Program is one way the Federal Traumatic Brain Injury Program advances these goals.

About The Protection and Advocacy TBI Grant Program

Protection and Advocacy Systems (P&As) provide legal support and advocate for the civil rights of all individuals with disabilities. The P&A TBI program is a formula grant that provides funding for the 57 P&As in the US and its territories as well as the Native American Protection and Advocacy Project to assess their State/Territory P&A Systems' responsiveness to TBI issues and provide advocacy support to individuals with TBI and their families.

Together, P&As comprise the nation's largest provider of legally based advocacy services for people with disabilities. P&As have the legal authority to:

  • Investigate suspected abuse or neglect and seek justice for victims and their families;
  • Have access to records and facilities necessary to investigate abuse or neglect or to monitor the treatment and safety of residents;
  • Pursue litigation and all other appropriate remedies under Federal, State and local law;
  • Provide information and referrals regarding entitlements to services and other legal rights; and/or
  • Educate policymakers on needed reforms to disability-related laws and services.

All P&As maintain a presence in facilities that care for people with mental illness, developmental disabilities and other disabilities, where they monitor, investigate and attempt to remedy adverse conditions and situations. They devote considerable resources to ensuring full access to inclusive educational programs, financial entitlement programs (e.g., Medicaid and Social Security), healthcare, accessible housing and productive employment opportunities, and they respond to allegations of abuse and neglect.

The National Disability Rights Network (NDRN) is the voluntary membership association for the P&A and CAP agencies. As a network, the P&A and CAP agencies are the largest provider legally based advocacy services to people with disabilities in the United States. NDRN’s mission is to promote the integrity and capacity of P&As by providing training and technical assistance and legal support to the P&A network.

Visit our P&As section for further information about State Protection & Advocacy Systems.



Last Modified: 1/13/2017