A critical part of the mission of the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) is promoting the effective use of new findings and products from NIDILRR-sponsored research and development activities to improve the outcomes of individuals with disabilities. NIDILRR has adopted the conceptual framework of knowledge translation (KT) to help guide its efforts to promote the effective use of knowledge and products from its sponsored activities. Knowledge translation in the NIDILRR context refers to a multidimensional, active process of ensuring that new knowledge and products gained via research and development are relevant to the users’ needs, reach intended users, are understood by these users, and are used to improve participation of individuals with disabilities in society.
NIDILRR has increasingly emphasized the importance of moving findings and products from NIDILRR-funded research and development projects into practice, policy, or other uses by placing knowledge translation requirements in all grant opportunity announcements and by funding a number of dedicated knowledge translation centers to provide technical assistance to grantees. NIDILRR is supplementing these broader efforts with the targeted KT projects invited in this announcement. These targeted KT projects must promote the use or adoption of findings or products from NIDILRR-sponsored research or development grants.
The Administrator of the Administration for Community Living proposes a priority for Disability and Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP) grants. These DRRP grants will serve as Projects for Translating the Findings and Products of Disability and Rehabilitation Research and Development into Practice. Under this priority, grantees must promote the use or adoption of findings or products from NIDILRR-sponsored research or development projects. Grantees under this priority must also document and disseminate the knowledge translation methods that they used to facilitate the adoption or use of findings or products by stakeholders.
Each knowledge translation grant under this priority must be conducted in partnership with relevant stakeholders. These stakeholders must be actively engaged in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of all knowledge translation grant activities. Grantees under this priority must contribute to the following outcomes:
1) Use or adoption of NIDILRR-sponsored findings or products by relevant stakeholders;
2) Changes in policy, practice, or systems that are intended to improve the lives of individuals with disabilities as a result of the use or adoption of NIDILRR-sponsored findings or products; and
3) Increased understanding of promising practices for knowledge translation in disability, independent living, and rehabilitation research.
Grantees under this priority must contribute to these outcomes by-
(a) Identifying findings or products from a NIDILRR-funded research or development project or projects that are ready for use or adoption in real-world settings, as well as the context or setting in which they will be used or adopted;
(b) Identifying or developing and then implementing a knowledge translation plan to facilitate stakeholder use or adoption of the findings or products identified under priority paragraph (a); and
(c) Identifying and applying measures to evaluate the success of the uses or adoptions achieved under (b).
An applicant should consult the NIDILRR Long-Range Plan for Fiscal Years 2018-2023 when preparing its application. The Plan is organized around the following outcome domains: (1) community living and participation; (2) health and function; and (3) employment. Applicants for these DRRP projects must specify in their abstract and project narrative which of these outcome domains their proposed project will focus on. Although applicants may propose projects that address more than one domain, they should select the primary domain addressed in their proposed project.