The National Adult Maltreatment Reporting System (NAMRS) is the first comprehensive, national reporting system for adult protective services (APS) programs. It collects quantitative and qualitative data on APS practices and policies, and the outcomes of investigations into the maltreatment of older adults and adults with disabilities.
The absence of data for research and best practice development has been cited by numerous entities, including the Government Accountability Office, as a significant barrier to improving APS programs. Policy makers, APS programs, and researchers will use the data to evaluate and improve programs.
The goal of NAMRS is to provide consistent, accurate national data on the exploitation and abuse of older adults and adults with disabilities, as reported to APS agencies. NAMRS is an annual, voluntary system to collect both summary and de-identified case-level data on APS investigations. NAMRS consists of three components:
Agency Component—submitted by all agencies on their policies and practices.
Case Component—data on client characteristics, services, and perpetrator characteristics, provided by agencies that have report-level tracking systems.
Key Indicators Component—aggregated data on key statistics of investigations and victims, provided by agencies that do not have report-level tracking systems or are unable to provide case-level data.
Please see the NAMRS Definitions of Code Values for a description of the terms used in the three component documents.
- Year 1: FY 2016 NAMRS Reports
Update: July 23, 2018
Today, ACL begins releasing updated reports for the Year 1 (federal FY 2016) National Adult Maltreatment Reporting System (NAMRS) data. This is the first consistently, systematically, and nationally collected data on the abuse of older adults and adults with disabilities. NAMRS is a voluntary data reporting system collecting data from state and local Adult Protective Services systems.
States were able to provide additional or revised data for the first year. Updated reports are now available:- Background Report
- Report 1 (version 2): Agency Component
- Report 2: Key Indicators (May 22, 2018)
- Report 3: Case Component (July 23, 2018)
- Appendices A-F (July 23, 2018)
Fifty-four of 56 states and territories contributed data to NAMRS in its first year. This high level of voluntary participation reflects the value that leaders in the field of adult maltreatment see in this data.
While NAMRS is still in its infancy, the information it will provide in the years to come will directly inform prevention and intervention practices at all levels of the adult maltreatment field. It will provide a better understanding of the characteristics of those experiencing, and perpetrating, abuse and identify system gaps for responding to maltreatment and preventing repeat maltreatment. As states and territories will continue to improve information systems, add data elements, train staff on new data collection methods, and report additional data, NAMRS data will become an extremely valuable tool.
Data collected by NAMRS includes APS staff and case-load, response and response time, intake and investigation practices, maltreatment type, victim characteristics, and perpetrator characteristics. For example, 49 states and territories reported opening investigations for 728,049 clients.
Many in the adult maltreatment field, including the federal Elder Justice Coordinating Council, have recognized the need for national data on adult maltreatment. After the passage and funding of the Elder Justice Act, ACL awarded the first-ever federal grants to enhance Adult Protective Services. These grants were used by many states to build data systems and align them with NAMRS.
Learn about the development and initial pilot on the NAMRS Background page.
Through its National APS Technical Assistance Resource Center, ACL will provide training, assistance, and a mechanism for easily uploading data for participants. Minimal effort will be needed to provide the Agency Component, while the Key Indicators and Case Components will require more effort. The degree of effort will depend on the nature of each program’s case management and data reporting system. Agency IT departments will be a critical partner for most APS programs.
While NAMRS is still in its infancy, the information it will provide in the years to come will directly inform prevention and intervention practices at all levels of the adult maltreatment field.
For more information, contact the ACL Program Officer: Stephanie.WhittierEliason@acl.hhs.gov